CHICKEN

Dwarfed Sebright chicken

Dwarfed Sebright chicken
Their average weight is 500-600 grams. They originate from England. Wide shoulders, convex chests, wide wings turned downward and the embodiment of elegance. These are the breed´s main characteristics. Every feather has a black trim. This breed came to life when they crossbred other breeds of chicken. Sir Johan Sebright prevented their extinction – the breed is named after him. They slightly resemble the Bantam breed. They are lively, have an elegant posture and big eyes. Males can hatch up to 90 eggs. They are calm in can live with other breeds of chicken. There are two types of them: »dark gold« and »silver white«.

The Red Junglefowl (Gallus Gallus)

The Red Junglefowl
There are three known colour variants: gold, silver, and red junglefowl. The red is the ancestor of all breeds of modern chicken. The wild chicken, still living in India, is named Bantam.
The Red Junglefowl was genetically modified in Japan. In 1878 they started to breed than in Germany. They have a very elegant posture, surprisingly nice and feathery tail and a lively personality. Females can hatch up to 100 eggs per year. Females are caring mothers. In Greek mythology, the Fenix (red) represents long living mythological bird – which regenerates and is re-born. It´s also connected to the sun.

Holland chicken

Holland chicken
This interesting breed originates from Netherlands (Holland). It was named after its recognisable white cap on top of its head. They lay up to 80 eggs per year. They aren´t caring mothers and don´t sit on eggs. That is why their eggs are given to other chicken or are being hatched in incubators. There are two types - smaller and the bigger one. The rooster weighs around 800g, while the hen weighs around 700g. They are very calm by nature. There are different colour variants: black, blue and pea-green. Their vision is limited due to the white cap on top of their head. This makes them an easy prey for birds of prey and beast. If you wish to have them in the open, you need to regularly trim their white cap.

Silkie chicken

Silkie chicken
This breed´s feathers are as soft as silk. They live in Eastern Asia. They were brought to Europe in 1928. They are known for their silky feather. They are very calm and quiet animals. Because their feathers are more like fur, they lost the ability to fly. The rooster weighs around 1 kg, the hen around 800 grams. They lay around 80 eggs per year. Nowadays there are many kinds differing in size and colour. There are black, brown, grey and even “skinheads”. Silkie´s skin, meat, and even their bones are blue. They have 5 fingers on each leg. They are calm and friendly; can´t cohabitate with other breeds of chicken. In the 13. century, Marco Polo described them as a hybrid between a chicken and a rabbit.

Common quail (Coturnix coturnix)

Common quail
This is the smallest member of the Phasianidae family. They fly away during the autumn and return in spring. They spend the winter in North, East and West Africa and Arabia. The quail is a small bird measuring 17-19 cm and weighing around 150g. The male and the female have a similar appearance; although the male has slightly brighter colours. The male has brown feathers under its neck while the female has white feathers. The male has a white stripe above its eyes. When they spread their wings they measure 32-35cm. They have a brown head, red and brown eyes and a brown, slightly curved, beak.

They return at the end of April or in the beginning of May. They leave at the end of August or in the beginning of September. In contrast to other migratory birds, they don´t follow the same route and can change the location of their nests or the place where they spend the winter. They mate during May and June. They make their nests on the floor, usually in the bushes, fields of wheat or in dense grass. They make a small dent into which they lay 8-16 eggs – yellow and brown coloured with dark spots and blotches. They sit on them 17-18 days. They live in opens fields, pastures and wheat fields. They eat different plants, seeds and also bugs – which are the offspring main food. In some areas, a quail is considered to be a culinary delight – not just their eggs but their meat as well.


Dusan Kreslin
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