They are lively animals with a round body and short, floppy tail. Their small, featherless head has an orange extension – similar to a helmet. Their double chin hangs slightly onto one side. Their grey and blue feathers resemble pearls due to the white freckles. This is the reason they are named Pearl. In our places, they called them črga. They weigh 1,5 – 2,5 kg.
They live in Africa, Madagascar and in some parts of Arabia. The Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) lives in Africa and is related to the domesticated guineafowl. They live in groups, lay eggs into the same nest. The males also sit on eggs (15-25 eggs). They feed on tiny bugs and little seeds.
They breed them for their eggs and meat. We keep them for decorative purposes and they are very helpful at destroying the insects and parasites (ticks). They can be trained to go to sleep to a certain place (barn) at night. They also like to rest on trees.
They are most suited for eco-farms. They can be very disturbing in densely populated areas as they are very loud and noisy. There are light grey, brown and white specimens of domesticated guinea fowls. Sadly, nowadays, they are subject to intensive breeding in cages.